Aditya Hridayam is a Stotra by Sage Agastya to Lord Sri Rama at the battle field between Ravana and Rama. The great Cosmic Sage Agastya dictates this hymns of Sun God to Sri Rama to ensure Victory to him. Thus forms part of the yuddha Kanda (Canto 107) of Ramayana by Sage Valmiki said to be written around twenty thousand years ago.
Aditya Hridayam contains the innovative hymns with many secrets and hidden meanings. The Jnana, Jnata, and Jneyam is completed as Sage Agastya is the Jnana and the Lord Rama Jnata and the presiding deity Jneyam is Sun in the heart. Thus the Triputi is completed. Hence it has come to be known as Aditya Hridayam.
Further Sage Agastya has stated that success is assured for all those who recite these Sloka thrice a day.
In Aditya Hridayam there are thirty Slokas in total. In this the first and second sloka depicts the arrival of sage Agastya to Sri Rama. The third stated the greatness of the Stotra, the fourth sloka explained about happiness, liberation and knowledge. The fifth will remove the related sins and with hold sorrows. From Sixth to fifteenth the description pertains to self effulgence and impresses that one pervading out side and inside is same. From Sixteenth to twentieth slokas are very important for mantra Japa. Here cosmic greatness of Sun God Surya as the internal Caitanya in us is high lighted.
The Slokas from Twenty to twenty four are Mantra Slokas extolling Sun God. From twenty fifth to thirtieth the method of recital by Sri Rama and invoking God to bless him with the requisite strength for the victory in the battle field is stated.
ततो युद्धपरिश्रान्तं समरे चिन्तया स्थितम् l
रावणं चाग्रतो दृष्ट्वा युद्धाय समुपस्थितम् ll
दैवतैश्च समागम्य द्रष्टुमभ्यागतो रणम्l l
उपागम्याब्रवीद्राममगस्त्यो भगवानृषिः ll
राम राम महाबाहो शृणु गुह्यं सनातनम् l
येन सर्वानरीन्वत्स समरे विजयिष्यसि ll
आदित्यहृदयं पुण्यं सर्वशत्रुविनाशनम् l
जयावहं जपेन्नित्यं अक्ष्य्यं परमं शिवम् ll
सर्वमङ्गलमाङ्गल्यं सर्वपापप्रणाशनम् l
चिंताशोकप्रशमनं आयुर्वर्धनमुत्तमम् ll
रश्मिमंतं समुद्यन्तं देवासुरनमस्कृतम् l
पूजयस्व विवस्वन्तं भास्करं भुवनेश्वरम् ll
सर्वदेवात्मको ह्येष तेजस्वी रश्मिभावनः l
एष देवासुरगणाँल्लोकां पाति गभस्तिभिः ll
एष ब्रह्मा च विष्णुश्च शिवः स्कन्दः प्रजापतिः l
महेन्द्रो धनदः कालो यमः सोमोह्यपां पतिः ll
पितरो वसवः साध्या ह्यश्विनौ मरुतो मनुः l
वायुर्वह्निः प्रजाप्राण ऋतुकर्ता प्रभाकरः ll
आदित्यः सविता सूर्यः खगः पूषा गभस्तिमान् l
सुवर्णसदृशो भानुर्हिरण्यरेता दिवाकरः ll
हरिदश्वः सहस्रार्चिः सप्तसप्तिर्मरीचिमान् l
तिमिरोन्मथनः शंभुस्त्वष्टा मार्ताण्ड अंशुमान् ll
हिरण्यगर्भः शिशिरस्तपनो भास्करो रविः l
अग्निगर्भोऽदितेः पुत्रः शङ्खः शिशिरनाशनः ll
व्योमनाथस्तमोभेदी ऋग्यजुस्सामपारगः l
घनवृष्टिरपां मित्रो विन्ध्यवीथीप्लवङ्गमः ll
आतपी मण्डली मृत्युः पिङ्गलः सर्वतापनः l
कविर्विश्वो महातेजाः रक्तः सर्वभवोद्भवः ll
नक्ष्त्रग्रहताराणामधिपो विश्वभावनः l
तेजसामपि तेजस्वी द्वादशात्मन्नमोऽस्तु ते ll
नमः पूर्वाय गिरये पश्चिमायाद्रये नमः l
ज्योतिर्गणानां पतये दिनाधिपतये नमः ll
जयाय जयभद्राय हर्यश्वाय नमो नमः l
नमो नमः सहस्रांशो आदित्याय नमो नमः ll
नमः उग्राय वीराय सारङ्गाय नमो नमः l
नमः पद्मप्रबोधाय मार्ताण्डाय नमो नमः ll
ब्रह्मेशानाच्युतेशाय सूर्यायादित्यवर्चसे l
भास्वते सर्वभक्षय रौद्राय वपुषे नमः ll
तमोघ्नाय हिमघ्नाय शत्रुघ्नायामितात्मने l
कृतघ्नघ्नाय देवाय ज्योतिषां पतये नमः ll
तप्तचामीकराभाय वह्नये विश्वकर्मणे l
नमस्तमोऽभिनिघ्नाय रुचये लोकसाक्षिणे ll
नाशयत्येष वै भूतं तदेव सृजति प्रभुः l
पायत्येष तपत्येष वर्षत्येष गभस्तिभिः ll
एष सुप्तेषु जागर्ति भूतेषु परिनिष्ठितः l
एष एवाग्निहोत्रं च फलं चैवाग्निहोत्रिणाम् ll
वेदाश्च क्रतवश्चैव क्रतूनां फलमेव च l
यानि कृत्यानि लोकेषु सर्व एष रविः प्रभुः ll
एनमापत्सु कृच्छ्रेषु कान्तारेषु भयेषु च l
कीर्तयन् पुरुषः कश्चिन्नावसीदति राघव ll
पूजयस्वैनमेकाग्रो देवदेवं जगत्पतिम् l
एतत् त्रिगुणितं जप्त्वा युद्धेषु विजयिष्यसि ll
अस्मिन्क्शणे महाबाहो रावणं त्वं वधिष्यसि l
एवमुक्त्वा तदाऽगस्त्यो जगाम च यथागतम् ll
एतच्छ्रुत्वा महातेजा नष्टशोकोऽभवत्तदा l
धारयामास सुप्रीतो राघवः प्रयतात्मवान् ll
आदित्यं प्रेक्श्य जप्त्वा तु परं हर्षमवाप्तवां l
त्रिराचम्य शुचिर्भूत्वा धनुरादाय वीर्यवान् ll
रावणं प्रेक्श्य हृष्टात्मा युद्धाय समुपागमत् l
सर्व यत्नेन महता वधे तस्य धृतोऽभवत् ll
अथ रविरवदन्निरीक्श्य रामं l
मुदितमनाः परमं प्रहृष्यमाणः ll
निशिचरपतिसंक्शयं विदित्वा l
सुरगणमध्यगतो वचस्त्वरेति ll
Thatho yudha parisrantham samare chinthaya sthitham,
Ravanam chagratho drushtwa yudhaya samupasthitham. 1
Daivathischa samagamya drushtu mabhya gatho ranam,
Upagamyabraveed ramam Agasthyo Bhagawan rishi. 2
Rama rama maha baho srunu guhyam sanathanam,
Yena sarvaanareen vatsa samare vijayishyasi. 3
Adithya hrudayam punyam, sarva sathru vinasanam,
Jayavaham japen nithyam akshayyam paramam shubham. 4
Sarva mangala mangalyam, sarva papa pranasanam,
Chinthasoka prasamanam, ayur vardhanamuthamam. 5
Rasmi mantham samudhyantham devasura namaskrutham,
Poojayaswa vivaswantham bhaskaram bhuvaneshwaram. 6
Sarva devathmako hyesha tejaswai rasmi bhavana,
Esha devasura ganan lokan pathi gabasthibhi. 7
Esha brahma cha Vishnuscha Shiva skanda prajapathi,
Mahendro, dhandha kalo yama somo hyapam pathi. 8
Pitharo vasava sadhya hyaswinou marutho, manu,
Vayur vahni praja prana ruthu hartha prabhakara. 9
Adithya savitha soorya khaga poosha gabasthiman,
Suvarna sadrusa bhanu, hiranya retha divakara. 10
Haridaswa sahasrarchi saptha sapthir mareechiman,
Thimironmadhana shambhu thwashtwa marthanda amsuman. 11
Hiranya garbha shisira thapano bhaskaro ravi,
Agni garbha adithe puthra sanka shisira nasana. 12
Vyomanadha sthamobhedi rig yajur sama paraga,
Ghana vrushtirapam mithro vindhya veedhi plavangama. 13
Aathapee mandali mruthyu pingala sarva thapana,
Kavir viswo maha thejaa raktha sarvodbhava. 14
Nakshtra gruha tharanam adhipo, viswa bhaavana,
Thejasam aphi thejaswi dwadasathman namosththe. 15
Nama poorvaya giraye, paschimaya draye nama,
Jyothirgananam pathaye dhinadhipathaye nama. 16
Jayaya jaya bhadraya haryaswaya namo nama,
Namo nama sahasramso Adithyaya namo nama. 17
Nama ugraya veeraya sarangaya namo nama,
Nama padma prabhodaya, marthandaya namo nama. 18
Brhamesanachuthesaya sooryadhithya varchase,
Bhaswathe sarva bhakshaya roudraya vapushe nama 19
Thmognaya himagnaya sathrugnaya amithathmane,
Kruthagnagnaya devaya jyothisham pathaye nama. 20
Taptha chamikarabhaya vahnaye viswa karmane,
Namasthomabhinignaya ruchaye loka sakshine. 21
Naasa yatyesha vai bhootham tadeva srujathi prabha,
Payathyesha thapathyesha varshatyesha gabhasthibhi. 22
Yesha suptheshu jagarthi bhootheshu parinishtitha,
Yesha evagnihothram cha phalam chaivagnihothrinam. 23.
Vedascha kradavaschaiva krathoonam phalameva cha,
Yani kruthyani lokeshu sarva yesha ravi prabhu. 24
Yena mapathsu kruchreshu kanthareshu bhayeshu cha,
Keerthayan Purusha kaschin aavaseedhathi raghava. 25
Poojaswaikegro deva devam jagat pathim,
Ethath trigunitham japthwa yudeshu vijayishyasi. 26
Asmin kshane maha baaho ravanam thwam vadhishyasi,
Evamukthwaa agasthyo jagam yada gatham. 27
Edath sruthwa maha theja nashta shoka abhavath thada,
Dharayamasa supreetho raghava prayathathmavaan. 28
Adhithya prekshya japthwa thu param harsha mavapthavan,
Thrirachamya suchir bhoothwa dhanuradhaaya veeryavaan. 29
Ravanam preshya hrushtathma yudhaya samupagamath,
Sarva yathnena mahatha vadhe thasya drutho bhavath. 30
Adharavira vadha nireekshya ramam,
Mudhithamana paramam prahrushyamana,
Nisicharapathi samkshyam vidhithwa,
Sura gana Madhya gatho vachasthwarethi. 31
1& 2 Beholding Sri Rama, standing absorbed in deep thought on the battle-field, exhausted by the fight and facing Ravana who was duly prepared for the war, the glorious sage Agastya, who had come in the company of gods to witness the encounter (battle) now spoke to Rama as follows:
3 'O Rama', 'O Mighty armed elegant Rama', listen carefully to the eternal secret by which, 'O my child', you shall conquer all your enemies on the battle field and win against your adversaries.
4 By Chanting the Aditya-Hridayam (the meditation of Sun in the heart ) which is very auspicious and highly beneficial, you will be victorious in battle. This holy hymn dedicated to the Sun-God will result in destroying all enemies and bring you victory and permanent happiness.
5 This supreme prayer is the best amongst auspicious verses, it will destroy all sins, dispel all doubts, alleviate worry and sorrow, anxiety and anguish, and increase the longevity of life. It is a guarantee of complete prosperity.
6 Worship the sun-god, the ruler of the worlds and lord of the universe, who is crowned with effulgent rays, who appears at the horizon and brings light, who is revered by the denizens of heaven (devas) and asuras alike.
7 Indeed, He is the very embodiment of all Gods. He is self-luminous and sustains all with his rays. He nourishes and energizes the inhabitants of all the worlds as well as the host of Gods and demons by his Rays.
8 He is Brahma (the creator), Visnu (the Sustainer), Shiva (the destroyer), Skanda (the son of Siva), Prajapati (progenitor of human race), the mighty Indra (king of heaven), Kubera (the god of wealth and lord of riches), Kala (eternal time), Yama (the Lord of death), Soma (the moon god that nourishes), and Varuna (the lord of sea and ocean).
9 Indeed, he is Pitris (ancestors, manes), the eight Vasus, the Sadhyas, the twin Aswins (physicians of Gods), the Maruts, the Manu, Vayu (the wind God), Agni (the fire God), Prana (the Life breath of all beings), the maker of six seasons and the giver of light.
10 He is the Son of Aditi (the mother of creation), the Sun God who transverser the heavens, he is of brilliant golden color, the possessor of a myriad rays, by illuminating all directions he is the maker of daylight. He is the all pervading, shining principle, the dispeller of darkness, exhibiting beautiful sight with golden hue
11 He has seven horses yoked to his Chariot, shines with brilliant light having infinite rays, is the destroyer of darkness, the giver of happiness and prosperity, mitigator of the sufferings and is the infuser of life. He is the Omnipresent One who pervades all with immeasurable amount of rays.
12 He is Hiranyagarbha born of Aditi of a golden womb, He is Sisirastapana the destroyer of the cold, snow and fog, illuminator, Ravi, bearer of the fire and conch, He is the remover of ignorance and giver of fame.
13 He is the Lord of the firmament and ruler of the sky, remover of darkness. the master of the three vedas Rig, Yaju, Sama, he is a friend of the waters (Varuna) and causes abundant rain. He swiftly courses in the direction South of Vindhya-mountains and sports in the Brahma Nadi.
* The Sun evaporates water from the ocean and rain is produced. Sun is the cause of rain. * The southward (apparent) jouney of the sun causes the change of seasons which is essential for life on earth.
14 He, whose form is circular and is colored in yellow and red hues, is intensely brilliant and enegetic. He is a giver of heat, the cause of all work, of life and death. He is the destroyer of all and is the Omniscient one sustaining the universe and all action.
15 He is the lord of the constellations, stars and planets and the origin of every thing in the universe. Salutations to Aditya who appears in twelve forms (in the shape of twelve months of the year) and whose glory is described in his twelve names.
16 Salutations to the Lord of sunrise and sunset, who rises at the eastern mountains and sets in the western mountains. Salutations to the Lord of the Stellar bodies and to the Lord of daylight.
17 Oh! Lord of thousand rays, son of Aditi, Salutations to you, the bestower of victory, auspiciousness and prosperity, Salutations to the one who has coloured horses to carry him.
18 Salutations to Martandaya the son of Mrukanda Maharisi, the terrible and fierce one, the mighty hero, the one that travels fast. Salutations to the one whose appearance makes the lotus blossom (also the awakener of the lotus in the heart)
19 Salutations to the Lord of Brahma, Shiva and Vishnu, salutations to Surya the sun god, who (by his power and effulgence) is both the illuminator and devourer of all and is of a form that is fierce like Rudra.
20 Salutations to the dispeller of darkness, the destroyer of cold, fog and snow, the exterminator of foes; the one whose extent is immeasurable. Salutations also to the annihilator of the ungrateful and to the Lord of all the stellar bodies, who is the first amongst all the lights of the Universe.
21 Salutations to the Lord shining like molten gold, destroying darkness, who is the transcendental fire of supreme knowledge, who destroys the darkness of ignorance, and who is the cosmic witness of all merits and demerits of the denizens who inhabit the universe. Salutations to Vishvakarma the architect of the universe, the cause of all activity and creation in the world
22 Salutations to the Lord who creates heat by his brilliant rays. He alone creates, sustains and destroys all that has come into being. Salutations to Him who by His rays consumes the waters, heats them up and sends them down as rain again.
23 Salutations to the Lord who abides in the heart of all beings keeping awake when they are asleep. Verily he is the Agnihotra , the sacrificial fire and the fruit gained by the worshipper of the agnihotra.
24 The Sun God (Ravi) is the origin and protector of the four Vedas (Rig, Yajur, Sama, and Atharva), the sacrifices mentioned in them and the fruits obtained by performing the sacrifices. He is the Lord of all action in this universe and decides the Universal path.
25 Listen Oh Rama! Oh Ragava, scion of the Raghu dynasty, any person, singing the glories of Surya in great difficulties, during affliction, while lost in the wilderness, and when beset with fear, will not come to grief (or loose heart).
26 If you worship this lord of the universe, the God of all Gods, with concentrated mind and devotion by reciting this hymn (Aditya-Hridayam) thrice, you will emerge victorious in the battle.
27 O mighty armed one, you shall truimph over Ravana this very moment. After blessing Lord Rama thus, and predicting that He would slay (the demon) Ravana, sage Agastya took leave and returned to his original place.
28 Having heard this, that great warrior Raghava, feeling greatly delighted, became free from grief. His clouds of worry thus dispelled, the lustrous Lord Rama obeyed the sayings of sage Agastya with great happiness.With composed mind he retained this hymn in his memory, ready to chant the Aditya-Hridayam.
29 Having performed Achamanam (sipping water thice) and being purified, Rama gazing at the sun with devotion, recited the hymn Aditya-Hridayam thrice, then that great hero Raghava was thrilled and lifted his bow.
30 Lord Rama thus cheered, seeing Ravana coming to fight, put forth all his effort with a determination to kill him. (Ravana)
31 Then knowing that the destruction of Ravana was near, the Sun-God Aditya, surrounded by all the Gods in heaven, looked at Rama with delighted mind and exclaimed 'Hurry up' - 'Be quick'.